Tag Archives: Vintage Port

Quinta do Noval Axa Millesimes Serge Chapuis

TIME AND WINE. An extraordinary tasting of Vintage Port organised by Don Schliff at the Bel Air Hotel Los Angeles.

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I have known Don Schliff for over 25 years, since he came to visit Quinta do Noval in 1994. He had a reputation even then as one of the great collectors of Vintage Port, and one of the most knowledgeable Port tasters. I thought I would put him to the test, and so decanted a bottle of the Quinta do Noval Nacional 1962. This is an extremely rare wine, and very little known. The 1963 is justly famed as one of the great wines of the world, but although the 1962 Vintage was not generally declared, the Quinta do Noval vineyard made some lovely wines that year, and in particular the 1962 Nacional, which is a wonderful wine, an austere but very pure fine and complex expression of the Nacional. This, I thought, would flummox him, and indeed anyone. However great it is, it is very rarely talked about, and very rarely tasted. We began to drink the wine at the end of lunch and I asked him what he thought it might be. In his deceptively laid back and relaxed way, he said, “Well, I don’t know. It kind of reminds me of the Nacional 1962!”

I knew from that moment that I was in the presence of someone who knew Vintage Port, and nothing since then has contradicted this judgement. Don has over the years organised some astonishing tastings in Los Angeles for small groups of sophisticated – some fanatical – connoisseurs and lovers of old Vintage Ports from his cellars in Los Angeles, and from time to time has asked me to participate.

On Sunday February 2, 2020, he invited me to be present at what was surely an historic and certainly unrepeatable tasting of fine old Vintage Ports, mostly from his personal collection.

Here is the list of wines that was put before us:

Shipper Unknown 1834
Shipper Unknown 1844
Cossart Gordon Solera 1844 Bual Madeira
Warre’s 1851
Ferreira 1858
Sandeman 1868
Sandeman 1870
Shipper Unknown 1887
Sandeman 1908
Cockburn’s 1912
Niepoort 1927
Quinta do Noval 1931
Taylor Fladgate 1945
Mackenzie 1955
Fonseca 1963
Graham 1970
Cockburn’s 1983
Taylor Fladgate 1994
Quinta do Noval 2000
Quinta do Noval Nacional 2000
Quinta do Noval Nacional 2011
Quinta do Noval Nacional 2017
Niepoort 2017
Niepoort Garrafeira 1987

Rather than try to give tasting notes on each wine, I prefer to talk about the wines that particularly stood out for me. The first two in particular, the 1834 and the 1844, from that well known producer whose wines I have so often come across, “Unknown Shipper” (By this age, all trace of labels has vanished, if there ever were any, and it is rare that the cork can give very much information apart from the year of production, which is also sometimes still printed in a wax seal over the cork.) Both were remarkable, still alive, and incredibly, fresh and enjoyable. The 1844 was actually one of the stars of the whole tasting. These were very old wines. The 1834, made just 19 years after the battle of Waterloo, still had fruit, from grapes grown so long ago, in an unrecognisable world. The Duke of Wellington himself, who liked to drink several bottles of Port each day, may well have drunk this wine, which would have been 18 years old when he died in 1852. How extraordinary it is that a bottle of wine can survive so long, and form a link for us with events and people from so long ago.

This is one of the characteristics of Vintage Port. It can be an astonishingly long lived wine. It is not immortal. Even the very best Port wines have a limited life, reach their apogee, and then decline, sometimes over a long plateau of decades, and will finally reach the stage where they have nothing more to give. But they can live longer than us, and this enables us to have a relationship with them that can last for generations.

In the opening lines of his Ode on a Grecian Urn, Keats addresses the Urn itself

Thou still unravish’d bride of quietness,
Thou foster-child of silence and slow time

But this would equally be an appropriate address to a bottle of ancient Vintage Port, ageing quietly and serenely in the cellar of a great collector like Don Schliff.

Time plays a vital role in the development of all wines. Even simple white wines that might be ready to drink in the year following harvest require at least a few months after the harvest to make them ready to drink. Great complex wines, both red and white, may require many years ageing, in barrel, in bottle, at the winery, in the cellar of the wine drinker, in order to reveal all that they have to offer.

But time is the friend of Vintage Port in particular. You can of course drink some Vintage Ports when they are very young. One of the final wines we tasted at Don’s tasting was the 2017 Quinta do Noval Nacional, which I believe to be one of the great Nacionals the Quinta has ever produced. I am quite certain that this wine will be wonderful to drink in a century, and indeed I very much hope that a group of Port lovers like the one that was united by Don at the Bel Air on Sunday will taste this wine in 2120. But it is also a hugely sybaritic pleasure to drink this wine in its infancy today. This is no crime: just a different way of enjoying it. But time will undoubtedly allow the wine to reveal layers of aroma and complexities of flavour that are only present in a concentrated, impressive, but as yet unrevealed form today.

 Packshot_QDN_Nacional Vintage_2017._tr2

Some of the wines in this tasting I had drunk before, some of them decades ago with people who are still alive today, some with people who no longer are. Some of the wines in this tasting I hope to drink in years to come, perhaps with my sons, who are still mostly too young to enjoy them today, but with whom it will be a pleasure to observe their discovery of what great wine can be. And some of the wines I shall share with them, they will be able perhaps one day to share with their children, when I may no longer be around. These wines traverse generations, and form a link at the present moment at which we drink them both with the past and with the people with whom we may have shared them before, and with the future, and with moments to come when we will enjoy them again, or when others will. Vintage Port is a wine that permits this kind of experience.

So an event such as the tasting that Don organised on Sunday 2nd February in LA goes way beyond the fact of being just a wine tasting; it is an experience of wines in time, wines which in some cases have travelled through many decades to be with us on that day, and which in some cases have very many decades before them, during which we may get the chance to revisit them again, perhaps to share them with some of the people there on Sunday, perhaps with other people; and during which they will also be discovered by people who are perhaps not even yet born.


To return to the wines, among the many great experiences we had that day, the stand outs for me were the following:

Cockburn’s 1912, amazingly youthful still, rich, ripe, fresh and long, with still some fruit and tannin;

Niepoort 1927, surely one of the great 1927s, still with a relatively youthful deep profound colour, complex rich, youthful and quite delicious. I had this wine for the first time with Dirk Niepoort in 1994 at his house, and it has remained on a plateau of excellence ever since, evolving slowly of course, but really not appearing to be very much older than that first great experience.

Quinta do Noval 1931. From the excellent bottling of Fearon Block Bridges and Routh, and an outstanding example of this great wine. The legendary 1931 greatly enhanced Noval’s reputation in the twentieth century. The major shippers did not declare the 1931, since the great depression had begun and they all had very large stocks of the great 1927 Vintage on their hands. But Noval has a history of eccentricity, and decided to declare the Vintage anyway. It was only as the years passed that it was realised how great the 1931 Vintage was, and the Quinta do Noval was the wine that showed this. As a result it has been a legendary wine for Port lovers ever since, much sought after, and now becoming extremely rare. I have been able to taste the 1931 a few times, and it still amazes by its youth and vigour. But not only is it still fresh, it has the typical Noval characteristics of elegance, and manages to be fine and delicate as well as long and powerful. It is recognisably typical of the Noval style, as I have come to know it in the Vintage Ports we have been making over the past 26 years, and this typicity is remarkable in a wine that is now nearly ninety years old.

The Taylor 1945 was also outstanding, and to taste this wine alongside the Noval 31 was to experience the radical difference in style between the two great houses, and indeed the two great Vintages. While the Noval was all finesse, the Taylor was monumental, rich powerful structured dense and profound, just a great wine.

Towards the end of this tasting of great old wines, there were two pairs of relatively young Noval wines, which I was very happy to see in such company.

Firstly, we tasted the 2000 Vintage Ports from both Quinta do Noval and from the Quinta do Noval Nacional. Since we first made these wines, they have been among my favourite Novals, a preference perhaps increased by the fact that 2000 has in my view not yet been recognised for the great vintage that I believe it to be. Both these wines were always very backward in their youth, closed tight and tannic, and extremely reserved. But I have always believed them to be among the great wines that the Quinta has produced, and over the past few years they have begun to open up a little and begin to reveal what they have to show. The Quinta do Noval Vintage Port comes of course from various parcels over the whole of Noval’s 145 hectare estate, representing a strict selection of the very best wines from the property that rarely exceeds 10% of the total production. The Nacional on the other hand always comes only from the tiny 4 acre parcel of ungrafted vines at the heart of the Quinta, which always produces a wine that is exceptional and quite different from the wines from the rest of the property. The 2000 wines are no exception to this, though I have always felt that the 2000 Quinta do Noval is one of the Vintage Ports from the Quinta that rivals most closely in excellence the Nacional from the same year, albeit with a different personality. Today was no exception to this: the 2000 Quinta do Noval Vintage was true to itself, still a little reserved, but very complex, spicy and fresh, with very big powerful reserved tannins, very long, very persistent. Above all very harmonious and balanced. The Nacional was all of those things, but with a few degrees more of intensity, very complete, very fine and very long. I remain convinced that this was a very great Vintage at Noval!

Quinta do Noval Axa Millesimes Serge Chapuis

We then compared two of the great recent Nacionals, the 2011, and the 2017. I thought that it was important to show these two wines at this extraordinary tasting, alongside so many great old wines from the distant past, as a reminder that great and wonderful wines are still being made in the Douro! I believe in fact that the 2011 and 2017 Nacional wines are among the greatest Nacionals that the Quinta has ever made. They are of course still babies at the moment, but already the very different styles of the two vintages are evident. 2017 was a very hot dry year, with alarming heat spikes during the summer, and drought conditions during the growing period, with rainfall down to about half the normal (low) levels we are used to in the Douro. I remember worrying before the harvest that such extreme conditions were unlikely to produce balanced wines. But I need not have worried. The result of this year of very extreme weather conditions is unquestionably one of the greatest Nacionals ever, exuberantly and extravagantly ripe, exotic, dense powerful and expressive, even at this stage. The 2011 on the other hand was the product of a much more balanced and relatively temperate year, and its style reflects this. It has always been marked by a wonderfully complete balance and harmony, intense, pure, fine fresh and long, and is also clearly one of the great historic Nacionals . I am sure that Vintage Port lovers will be comparing these two great wines for many decades to come, and should a group of wine lovers meet as we did for a tasting of old Vintage Ports in a century’s time and taste these two, I am quite sure that they will still have wonderful things to reveal.

In conclusion, this tasting, hosted by the great wine collector Don Schliff was an extraordinary event. I should mention that the various flights of Port were accompanied by outstanding food prepared by Wolfgang Puck. It was a wonderful afternoon of celebration, certainly unforgettable, certainly unrepeatable.

V.14&N (8)

Quinta do Noval Nacional Vintage Port 2001 and Quinta do Noval Vintage Port 2014

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I was in the Douro valley last week, where the harvest is under way. After a very wet start to the year, we then had one of the hottest and dryest summers ever, so it has been a year of contrasts. Harvest continues in excellent conditions, and we will know more about the final quality of the wines in a few weeks time, but it looks good so far.


Here is a picture of early morning harvest at Quinta do Noval last week, cagettes in the foreground, taken from the promontory at the end of the Roncão valley, which is the midpoint of my morning run, with the Douro and some of Quinta da Romaneira in the background. This is one of my favourite places in the world. The vines here are Touriga Nacional, which we planted in 2000 and which are already giving wines of outstanding quality.

But Quinta do Noval was a good place to be anyway last week as we launched two great Ports on the same day: our Quinta do Noval Vintage Port 2014 and our Quinta do Noval Nacional Vintage Port 2001.

Click on the links above to read what I wrote about these wines on the Quinta do Noval website.


Happy Birthday Quinta do Noval

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I have been giving a series of tastings and events recently to celebrate the 300th anniversary of Quinta do Noval’s existence as a vineyard.

In fact, there has certainly been a vineyard on the site for longer than that, possibly much longer. 1715 is the first record of the existence of the vineyard, as it was part of the inheritance of the young Francisco Álvares Taveira, future abbot of Gouvães, who had to show documentary proof of his wealth before becoming the Abbot, (no nonsense about promotion on pure merit in those days) hence the records. But as it was already a vineyard in 1715, clearly it had been a vineyard for a while before that. So we are celebrating that Quinta do Noval is at least three hundred years old, but it is certainly older.



Going even further back, at the crown of the hill of the Noval estate, there was a Roman settlement, where among the many Roman artefacts discovered during the archeological dig in the early 20th century was an area that looked very much like a wine press. If so, then wine has been made at this site for over 2,000 years, and I like to believe it, though proof positive is lacking.

But it is the relatively recent history that concerns us more, the time during which wines have been made that we can taste today, living memories of the former life of the vineyard at Noval. I personally have an intimate knowledge of the past 23 years at Quinta do Noval, the time that I have been responsible for looking after it having taken over as Managing Director in 1993.



Before that I mainly know the Quinta’s history through its wines. Among my favourites are of course the extraordinary 1931, both Vintage Nacional and Quinta do Noval; the harmonious and elegant 1955 Quinta do Noval, which was one of my primary inspirations; along with the beautiful delicate and fine 1966, when I started working on the vineyard and the wines in the early nineties. From the Sixties also the 1963 Vintage Nacional is and always has been in a category of its own, rated perfect and great by many distinguished tasters from the time of its birth to the present day. The Seventies and Eighties were a difficult time for Port and for Noval, but I have a soft spot for the very delicate finesse of the Vintage Nacional 1975.

And then glorious days returned with the wonderful 1994 Vintage Nacional, my first at the Quinta, and what luck to have arrived just before such a wine. James Suckling’s 100 points for this wine when he was writing for the Wine Spectator were a shot in the arm for Noval, a clear signal to the world that this great vineyard was capable as it always had been of producing greatness. Since then we have had a series of exceptional years: the 1997, an important year for us when Robert Parker awarded 100 points to both the Quinta do Noval and the Vintage Nacional, a right and left, in shooting parlance, that added momentum to the renaissance of Quinta do Noval’s reputation. The generally declared years of 2000, 2003 and 2007 followed. The Vintage Nacional as always followed its own rhythm, not producing wine to its normal level in 2007, so not declared, but making exceptional wines in the lesser known years of 2001 and 2004.

And then 2011. A phenomenon for Port wine in general, certainly one of the great years in history, with beautiful wines from Quinta do Noval and from the Nacional parcel. The 2011 Vintage Nacional has already acquired a justified cult status, garnering 100 points or the equivalent from several different distinguished wine journalists. I believe that this one is a worthy successor to the legendary 1963 and 1931, scion of a noble breed, both genetic inheritor of the greatness of its ancestors, but also with all the strength and vigour of youth, ready to affront the century to come of long life that certainly lies before it.

We declared both 2012 and 2013 Vintage Ports at Quinta do Noval, very small quantities in both cases, but irresistibly delicious wines. Historically Noval has been ready to make an eccentric declaration (the 1931 was one such), and so inspired both by history and the wines themselves we did not hesitate to make these small declarations, both of which are worthy members of any vertical line up of historic Quinta do Noval Vintages.

And during this time of reconnection with the illustrious past through the production of great modern Vintage Ports, this historic vineyard of Noval has been reinventing itself as a producer of great unfortified red wines. We launched our first Quinta do Noval Douro DOC red wine with the 2004 vintage, and our 2012, placed first in a recent extensive tasting of Douro red wines by the Revista de Vinhos, has just sold out, so we move to the delicious 2013, with the 2014 and 2015 vintages, among the best ever, waiting in the wings.

In a way, these new Douro red (and white) wines are also a reconnection with the history of the property and of the Douro. Fortification of Douro wines only became general in the first half of the 19th Century. The celebrated Baron James Forrester, who drowned in the river in 1861, was a strong advocate for the unfortified wines of the Douro, an indication that their production as quality wines was general at the time and persisted at least during his lifetime. There is no question that the development of Port Wine as a fortified wine led to the evolution of one of the great wines of the world, for which the Douro is chiefly known today, and no one could love great Port wines more than I. However, something was surely lost in the gradual eclipse of non fortified wine making during the 19th century. We will never know how those wines might have developed had they been the principal focus of Douro wine production.

What we know now however, as we catch up for lost time, is that the Douro is capable of producing world class unfiltered red – and white – wines. The Valley today has a new dynamic, as dozens of independent producers, some small, some less so, contribute every year to this thrilling development by producing excellent wines from all corners of the demarcated area. I find this development wholly positive for the Douro and its reputation, but also very good news for wine drinkers all over the world, and I am delighted that Quinta do Noval has been able to participate in this movement since 2004.

The history of a great vineyard, like that of a great region, is the product of the labours of generations of people who went before us and devoted themselves to their land and their wines. The further back the history, the greater the accumulation of inherited knowledge and tradition, and this is what we build upon. But at the same time we are constructing the future for those who will follow us in these vineyards. So while I wish Quinta do Noval a very Happy Birthday on the occasion of its proven 300 years, I also wish very many Happy Returns to this magical vineyard and to the region of which it is at the heart. Great things have happened here in the past, great things are happening now, and I am confident that even greater are to come in the future.



Quinta do Noval Vintage Port 2013

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Quinta do Noval Vintage Port 2013
          Quinta do Noval Vintage Port 2013

We have just declared a Quinta do Noval Vintage Port from 2013. We have done this kind of thing before, an “eccentric declaration” but actually I think it is the first time we have ever declared three Vintages in a row under the Quinta do Noval name. But I had no doubt in the tasting room that it was the right thing to do.

Christian Seely and António Agrellos in the tasting room
                        With António Agrellos in January this year tasting the 2013 Vintage

2013 could have been a much better year generally than it was: everything was looking great as the harvest began, and then it started to rain, which generally meant that we just missed making great wines from most of the vineyard, as once the rains starts, you are under such pressure from potential rot, that you just have to haul it all in as fast as possible, which means that in many cases you are not picking at optimal ripeness, which would have been later for many parcels, there can be an effect of dilution from the rain etc.. Having said all that, the overall quality was very good, just not as outstanding as it might have been.

With the exception of a few lots of wine we made in the first ten days of the harvest before the rains started.

Not all of these were actually of Vintage potential, but some of them most definitely were at Quinta do Noval. The wine we blended from the best of them shows what the 2013 Vintage might have been generally had the rain not come. The quantity of wine of the right quality was tiny – only 1,200 cases, or less than 3% of our production, but it is an authentic Quinta do Noval Vintage Port, a rare wine, being one of a small number of limited production quality wines from the 2013 harvest in the Douro, and I am very happy to be able to declare it. I am very confident it will be able to hold its head high in a vertical tasting in a few years’ time along with the other Quinta do Noval declarations from the past 20 years or so.

An Exceptional Vintage Port Tasting

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Don Schliff's Exceptional Tasting
Don Schliff’s Exceptional Tasting

I was in Los Angeles recently for an unforgettable tasting organised by Don Schliff of the Wine Warehouse. Don has an extraordinary personal collection of Vintage Port, and opened for a group of enthusiasts a range of remarkable bottles from his cellar, which we tasted in the convivial surroundings of the Hotel Bel Air in Beverly Hills.

I first met Don when I had just started at Quinta do Noval over twenty years ago. He came to visit the property and we had lunch. I knew little about the trade at that time, but was aware that Mr Schliff was a distinguished member of it. So I decided to open one of the more obscure, but one of my favourites, of the old Nacionals, the 1962. I thought to myself: he has made the effort to come here, and so we will open something he will never have had the chance to taste before.

As the decanter went round at the end of lunch I asked Don what he thought of the wine. In a very laid back way he answered “It kind of reminds me of the Nacional 1962!” I realised that I was in the presence of someone who knew more about Port than most people do. As time has gone by I have come to respect even more his encyclopaedic knowledge and fine judgement of great Vintage Ports.

So when Don invited me over for this tasting, it was irresistible. An extensive range of Vintage Ports from 1963; and then a vertical of Quinta do Noval Nacionals: 1963; 1958; 1962; 1960, and finally a 1927 from Dow and a bottle of the 1931 Quinta do Noval Vintage, the legendary declaration that made Noval’s reputation.

While we tasted the 1963s, we were served an outstanding lunch prepared by Wolfgang Puck, who proved that Vintage Port is not just a wine to be drunk in isolation (though that works very well) but also has wonderful gastronomic possibilities when you are in the hands of a master chef.

The 1963s were generally showing very well indeed, the stars of the show being for me Fonseca, Taylor’s and Dow, which was actually my number one wine. Quinta do Noval Vintage 1963 was lovely but the three I mention had more concentration and power. The 1963 Nacional was in another series, and I have to say in another category, as always, astonishingly youthful reserved complex and powerful. And then we tried the other Nacionals, all beautiful and in great condition. The 1960 was particularly lovely, fine delicate and aromatic. And then we finished with the great 1927 from Dow and the astonishing 1931 Quinta do Noval Vintage. I have tasted this wine a few times over the past twenty years, and each time it amazes by its youth, and seems not to grow one whit older. There must be very few bottles left in the world by now, but to anyone who has one, there is no hurry to drink up: this is a wine with at least a couple of decades left in it.

Well, this tasting was one of the great experiences of my life, proof if any proof were needed that Vintage Port is one the greatest wines produced on the planet, capable as we know of providing great pleasure when fairly young (I am drinking some of my 2000 and 2003 Novals right now and they are wonderful), but also capable of revealing extraordinary complexity, finesse and aromatic intensity as they age.  Thank you Don for a memorable experience.

Photo courtesy of Roy Hersh, whom I was delighted to see at this tasting. Roy was writing up the tasting for The SOMM Journal, and his report will later appear in For The Love of Port.